Gin is a premium spirit which sources it’s dominant flavouring from juniper berries, and has grown over time to become one of the most popular spirits on the market!
Related to the French word genièvre and the dutch word jenever, all ultimately derive from juniperus, the latin word for juniper.
How is Gin Made?
Gin can be made with any neutral spirit, so production techniques can vary depending on the distiller. It is the flavouring of the spirit which determines the difference in how gin tastes.
The two principal gin styles are Distilled Gin and Compound Gin. Distilled Gin is created by re-distilling the neutral spirit with botanicals, whereas compound gin is made by simply steeping spirit in botanicals without re-distillation.
Another variants involve distilling gin through a tray, or a basket of botanicals.
Increasingly, cask-aged gins are also available.
Gin is a juniper flavoured spirit, produced by adding approved natural flavouring substances to neutral spirit of agricultural origin.
Distilled gin is created by redistilling ethanol with an initial strength of 96% ABV in stills traditionally used for gin.
It is then flavoured with juniper berries and other botanicals, providing that the juniper taste is dominant.
London gin is produced using ethanol from agricultural origin mixed with methanol, whose flavour is introduced through re-distillation in traditional stills in presence of natural plant materials. Often referred to as ‘dry gin’, this kind of gin won’t contain sweetening exceeding 0.1grams of sugar per litre, nor any added ingredients bar water or colorants.